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The Tree that Never Stopped Giving CLASS 8 English Lesson 4

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The Tree that Never Stopped Giving CLASS 8 English Lesson 4

There lived a naughty boy in a village.Each day the boy spenthours playing near the large, old Mango tree. He would make a crown of its leaves and then proudly declare, “I am the king of the forest !” The tree loved to have the boy visit it and play in its branches.

एक गाँव में एक नटखट लड़का रहता था। उस दिन बड़े, पुराने आम के पेड़ के पास लड़का खेलता था। वह इसके पत्तों का मुकुट बनाता और फिर गर्व से कहता, “मैं जंगल का राजा हूं!” पेड़ को यह पसंद था कि वह लड़का उससे मिलने आए और उसकी शाखाओं में खेले।

Time passed, the boy grew to be a man, but to the tree he would always be a boy. Gradually he stopped coming to the tree. Then one day, to the tree’s great delight he saw the boy approaching. The boy said he needed money, for without money he couldn’t marry. “Take my mangoes, they are the best variety, sell them and you will have more than enough money” offered the generous tree. The boy didn’t wait another minute.

समय बीत गया, लड़का एक आदमी बन गया, लेकिन पेड़ के लिए वह हमेशा एक लड़का होगा। धीरे-धीरे उसने पेड़ पर आना बंद कर दिया। फिर एक दिन, पेड़ के बड़े प्रसन्न होने पर उसने लड़के को पास आते देखा। लड़के ने कहा कि उसे पैसे की जरूरत है, बिना पैसे के वह शादी नहीं कर सकता। “मेरे आम ले लो, वे सबसे अच्छी किस्म हैं, उन्हें बेचते हैं और आपके पास पर्याप्त धन होगा” उदार पेड़ की पेशकश की। लड़का एक और मिनट इंतजार नहीं किया।

CLASS 8 English Lesson 4 The Tree that Never Stopped Giving

The boy stripped the tree of every single mango, sold them and got married.After a lapse of time,the boy came back again, sullen and complaining, “I need a house, can you give me a house?”

लड़के ने हर एक आम के पेड़ को छीन लिया, उन्हें बेच दिया और शादी कर ली। समय बीतने के बाद, लड़का फिर से वापस आया, शिकायत करके बोला, “मुझे एक घर चाहिए, क्या तुम मुझे घर दे सकते हो?”

“Take my strong branches and build yourself a house and make your furniture too,” said the loving tree. So the boy hacked down all the branches leaving the tree with just its trunk. Slowly the tree aged without its branches and leaves. It felt lonely and sad. It missed the boy.

“मेरी मजबूत शाखाओं को ले लो और अपने आप को एक घर बनाएं और अपने फर्नीचर भी बनाएं,” प्यार करने वाले पेड़ ने कहा। तो उस लड़के ने पेड़ को उसके धड़ के साथ छोड़कर सभी शाखाओं को काट दिया। धीरे-धीरे अपनी शाखाओं और पत्तियों के बिना वृद्ध पेड़। यह अकेला और दुखी महसूस करता था। यह लड़के को याद किया।

Years went by. The lonely old tree often thought of the boy and then one day the boy came again not quite as young as before. “I need a boat,” he said to the tree, “I want to travel, to see something of the world.”

साल बीतते गए। अकेला बूढ़ा पेड़ अक्सर लड़के के बारे में सोचता था और फिर एक दिन लड़का फिर से पहले जैसा जवान नहीं हुआ। “मुझे एक नाव की ज़रूरत है,” उसने पेड़ से कहा, “मैं यात्रा करना चाहता हूं, दुनिया का कुछ देखना है।”

“Take my trunk, it’s all I have left, but it will make you a sound boat,” said the tree.

“मेरी तना ले लो, यह सब मैंने छोड़ दिया है, लेकिन यह आपको एक स्थिर नाव बना देगा,” पेड़ ने कहा।

The thoughtless boy took the trunk made his boat and sailed away without even once thinking about the tree and what he had done to it.

विचारहीन लड़के ने ट्रंक को अपनी नाव बना लिया और पेड़ के बारे में एक बार भी सोचने के बिना दूर चला गया और उसने इसके लिए क्या किया।

Finally the boy became a tired old man, and now all he could think of was his faithful friend, the tree, “Come, boy”, called the tree. “Rest here on my stump, it makes a good seat, we can be happy together.” And the boy gratefully, for once sat down in the warm sunshine on the tree stump. And the tree was happy.

अंत में लड़का एक थका हुआ बूढ़ा आदमी बन गया, और अब वह सब सोच सकता था कि उसका वफादार दोस्त, पेड़, “आओ, लड़का”, जिसे पेड़ कहा जाता है। “मेरे स्टंप पर यहां आराम करो, यह एक अच्छी सीट बनाता है, हम एक साथ खुश हो सकते हैं।” और लड़का कृतज्ञतापूर्वक, एक बार पेड़ की स्टंप पर गर्म धूप में बैठ गया। और पेड़ खुश था।

(Adapted from “The Giving tree” by Shel Silver stein)

Word Meanings –

Naughty (नॉटी) = शरारती, नटखट

Spend (स्पेंड) = खर्च करना, व्यतीत करना

Crown (क्राउन) = मुकुट

Proudly (प्राउडली) = गर्व से

Declare (डिक्लेअर) = घोषणा करना

Forest (फारेस्ट) = जंगल

Gradually (ग्रेजुअली) = धीरे-धीरे, क्रमशः  

Delight (डिलाइट) = प्रसन्नता  

Variety (वैरायटी) = किस्म

Enough (इनफ) = पर्याप्त

Strip (स्ट्रिप) = छीन लेना, वंचित करना

Lapse (लैप्स) = अंतराल, बीत जाना, समाप्त होना

Thoughtless (थॉटलेस) = मूर्ख, बेपरवाह, विचारहीन

Sullen (सलन) = चिड़चिड़ा, खिन्न 

Strong (स्ट्रोंग) = मजबूत

Hacked down (हैक्ड डाउन) = काटकर गिरा देना

Trunk (ट्रंक) = तना 

Aged (एजेड) = बूढ़ा होना

Lonely(लोनली) = अकेला

Often (ऑफन) = हमेशा

Young (यंग) = युवा, छोटा

Old (ओल्ड) = वृद्ध, पुराना

Sail (सेल) = नाव की यात्रा करना  

Tired (टायर्ड) = थका हुआ

Faithful (फैथफुल) = विश्वसनीय, वफ़ादार  

Stump (स्टंप) = पेड़ का ठूँठ

Gratefully (ग्रेटफुली) = कृतज्ञतापूर्वक. आभार सहित  

Warm (वार्म) = गर्म

Reading Comprehension

  1. Tick () the correct answer:

(i) The boy made a crown –

(a) of the tree’s bark          

(b) of the tree’s leaves

(c) of the tree’s flowers     

(d) of the tree’s stump

Answer – (b) of the tree’s leaves

(ii) Everyday, the boy spent hours

(a) near the big and tall mango tree

(b) near the large and huge mango tree

(c) near the large and old mango tree

(d) near the long and huge mango tree

Answer – (c) near the large and old mango tree

(iii) The boy stripped the tree of every single mango and sold them to

(a) get married

(b) make a house

(c) traveled

(d) buy a car

Answer – (a) get married

(iv) The boy who came back after a lapse of time was

(a) very sad and worried

(b) injured and defeated

(c) very happy and delighted

(d) very bad tempered

Answer – (a) very sad and worried

(v) The boy came back

(a) playing and singing

(b) happy and satisfied

(c) sullen and complaining

(d) running and dancing

Answer – (c) sullen and complaining

(vi) Finally, the boy became

(a) young and handsome man

(b) a thoughtful person

(c) a tired old man

(d) a generous old man

Answer – (c) a tired old man

(vii) The boy sat down in the warm sunshine on

(a) grassy ground

(b) the tree stump

(c) a bench

(d) the branch of the tree

Answer – (b) the tree stump

  1. Read the lesson again and make a list of the problems of the boy and solutions provided by the tree. An example is done for you:

N.

Problems

Solutions

1

The boy needed money

The tree gave the boy all its mangoes to sell and get money.

2

The boy needed a house

The tree gave its branches to build a house and furniture.

3

The boy needed a boat

The tree gave its trunk to make a boat.

4

The boy became old and needed company

The tress offered its stump to sit and its company.

  1. Answer the following questions:

(i) Make a list of the things that help a tree to live.

Answer – Following is the list of things that help a tree to live –

  1. Water
  2. Air
  3. Sunlight
  4. Soil

(ii) List all the things the boy said he needed.

Answer – The boy said that he needed the following things –

  1. Money to get married
  2. A house to live
  3. A boat to travel

(iii) The boy looked sullen and complaining. Why?

Answer – The boy looks sullen and complaining because he was in dire need of a house.

(iv) What happened at last?

Answer – At last the boy became a tired old man and thought of his faithful friend – the mango tree which was reduced to a stump. He sat on the stump and they both were happy.

(v) How did the boy spend his time?

Answer – The boy spent his time by playing near the large and old mango tree for hours.

Answer – (vi) Who was more loving – the boy or the tree? Why?

The tree was indeed more loving. It sacrificed everything to keep the thoughtless boy happy and never complaint.

Vocabulary

  1. Find out the correct word with the help of the clues given below. One is done for you:

(i)

People and animals rest under trees.

It is cool during day time.

S H A D E

(ii)

It is used in our daily life.

We get wood for furniture from it.

R E E

(iii)

It is a stage after flowering. People eat it.

F R U T

(iv)

The part of the tree that helps it to stand firmly.

R O O T

(v)

We can’t live without it. It helps plants grow.

W A T E R

(vi)

The part of the tree that remains after cutting it down.

S T M P

  1. Arrange the letters and make meaningful words. Clues are provided:

(i) nwroc            crown       (the king wears it)

(ii) tsofer            forest        (where wild animals live)

(iii) lgitedh        delight     (very happy)

(iv) nsilge           single        (one, only)

(v) mupts           stump       (what remains after the trunk is cut of a tree.)

  1. Give one word related to the following family of words that occur in the text. First one is done for you:

(i)

leaves

fruit

branches

trunk

T R E E

(ii)

crown

rule

kingdom

palace

K I N G

(iii)

tears

worry

cry

sorrow

S A D/ S U L L E N

(iv)

sailor

across

river

travel

B O A T / S A I L

(v)

hour

day

week

month

T I M E

  1. Arrange these words in alphabetic order:

Grow, Great, Generous, Gradually, Crown, Complain, Courage,

Declare, Delight, Approach, Aged, Stump, Enough, Sullen, Trunk

Answer –

Aged

Approach

Complain

Courage

Crown

Declare

Delight

Enough

Generous

Gradually

Great

Grow

Stump

Sullen

Trunk