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The Chinese – Our Neighbour Class 7 English Lesson 12

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The Chinese – Our Neighbour Class 7 English Lesson 12

Chang increased his pace as he walked along the river Lo. He was far away from his native village. From here he could not see the great wall, which was 2,400 kms long. It was built by the first Chinese Emperor,Chin Shih Huang Ti. The wall was stretched along the fertile river Huang Ho.

चांग नदी के साथ चलते हुए चांग ने अपनी गति बढ़ा दी। वह अपने पैतृक गाँव से बहुत दूर था। यहाँ से वह महान दीवार नहीं देख सकता था, जो 2,400 किलोमीटर लंबी थी। इसे पहले चीनी सम्राट, चिन शिह हुआंग टाय ने बनाया था। दीवार को उपजाऊ नदी हुआंगहो के साथ बढ़ाया गया था।

He was walking beside the river towardsthe city of Loyang. It was New Year and everyone was in a holiday mood. The rich people in their silk dresses and shoes, the peasants in their straw sandals, even the bare footed barbarians were happy. Chang felt his own dress and thought about the silk – the great invention of hisforefathers.


वह नदी के किनारे लुओयांग शहर की ओर चल रहा था। यह नया साल था और हर कोई छुट्टी के मूड में था। अपने रेशमी कपड़े और जूतों में अमीर लोग, अपने पुआल के सैंडल में किसान, यहाँ तक कि नंगे पैर चलने वाले लोग भी खुश थे। चांग ने अपनी पोशाक को महसूस किया और रेशम के बारे में सोचा – अपने पूर्वजों के महान आविष्कार।

The Emperor himself had taken part last week in ploughing a furrow to begin the week-long celebration – the Festival of Lanterns. By the sunset, the whole town would be twinkling with little lamps lit inside a huge paper model of a dragon which would be carried along the street.


सम्राट ने स्वयं पिछले सप्ताह भाग लिया था – सप्ताह भर चलने वाले उत्सव – लालटेन के उत्सव की शुरुआत करने के लिए। सूर्यास्त तक, एक अजगर के विशाल कागज़ के मॉडल के अंदर पूरे शहर को जगमगाते हुए छोटे-छोटे दीपों से सजाया जाएगा, जिसे सड़क पर ले जाया जाएगा।

Chang was now passing through the market place. Neat rows of stalls were selling all types of goods. The bronze utensils, iron tools, silk dresses, colourful paper toys, writing paper, wooden toys-so many things attracted him. The sound of music made him stop. Chang’s mind began to wander. So many wonderful things were happening.

चांग अब बाजार की जगह से गुजर रहा था। सभी प्रकार के सामानों की स्टॉलों की नीट पंक्तियां बिक रही थीं। कांसे के बर्तन, लोहे के औजार, रेशम के कपड़े, रंगीन कागज के खिलौने, कागज लिखना, लकड़ी के खिलौने-बहुत सी चीजें उसे आकर्षित करती थीं। संगीत की आवाज ने उसे रोक दिया। चांग का दिमाग घूमने लगा। इतनी अद्भुत चीजें हो रही थीं।


Ts’ai Lum had recently developed a new writing material called paper, using wood pulp and rags! It would be much cheaperthan writing on silk.There were so many things Chang wanted to learn – mathematics, politics and calculations about the position of the stars. He wanted to be a mandarin. But it could be more exciting to be a trader, to travel along the silk road to Bactria or Persia one day, or even sail in a ship to foreign lands!


Ts’ai Lum ने हाल ही में लकड़ी की लुगदी और लत्ता का उपयोग करके एक नई लेखन सामग्री विकसित की है जिसे पेपर कहा जाता है! यह रेशम पर बहुत सस्ता लेखन होगा। ऐसी बहुत सी चीजें चांग सीखना चाहते थे – गणित, राजनीति और सितारों की स्थिति के बारे में गणना। वह एक मंदारिन बनना चाहता था। लेकिन यह एक व्यापारी होने के लिए और अधिक रोमांचक हो सकता है, एक दिन के लिए रेशम सड़क के साथ बैक्ट्रिया या फारस की यात्रा करना, या यहां तक कि एक जहाज में विदेशी भूमि पर रवाना होना!

The Chinese - Our Neighbour Class 7 English
The Chinese – Our Neighbour Class 7 English

There were so many shows going on in the market place! There were jugglers, acrobats, wrestlers, weightlifters, dancers, musicians………… the whole place was buzzing with activity. Chang stood there and watched the wonderful sight. He felt a surge of pride and happiness. He was a part of this wonderful great civilization.

मार्केट शो में बहुत सारे शो चल रहे थे! बाजीगर, कलाबाज, पहलवान, भारोत्तोलक, नर्तक, संगीतकार थे ………… पूरी जगह गतिविधि से गुलजार थी। चांग वहाँ खड़ा था और अद्भुत नजारा देख रहा था। उन्होंने गर्व और खुशी की लहर महसूस की। वह इस अद्भुत महान सभ्यता का एक हिस्सा था।

Shri Amit Agarwal

Reading Comprehension

  1. Answer the following questions.
  2. Write the names of the two rivers mentioned in the lesson.

Answer – The names of the two rivers mentioned in the lessons are Lo and Huang Ho.

  1. Where was Chang going?

Answer – Chang was going to his native village.

  1. What was happening in Loyang?

Answer – The New Year celebration was happening in Loyang and everyone was in a holiday mood.

  1. What was carried along the street during the festival?

Answer – A huge paper model of a dragon with twinkling little lamps lit inside was carried along the street during the festival.

  1. What did the Emperor do at the beginning of the festival?

Answer – At the beginning of the festival the Emperor took part in ploughing a furrow to begin the week-long celebration.

  1. What did Chang want to be?

Answer – Chang wanted to be a mandarin.

  1. What shows were going on in the fair?

Answer – There were many shows of jugglers, acrobats, wrestlers, weightlifters, dancers, musicians going on in the fair.

  1. Did Chang buy anything from the stalls?

Answer – No, Chang did not buy anything from the stalls.

  1. Why was Chang happy?

Answer – Chang was happy to be a part of the wonderful and great Chinese Civilization.

  1. 1. Tick (✔) the correct sentences.
  2. Chang lives in our age.(X)
  3. Chang lived before the invention of silk.(X)
  4. Chang lived before the invention of paper.(X)
  5. Chang lived during the age when paper was invented.(✔)
  1. Write True or False against the statements.
  2. It was the festival of harvest.(False)
  3. It was the festival of lights.(False)
  4. It was the festival of lanterns.(True)
  5. It was the festival of New Year.(True)
  6. It was the festival of kite flying.(False)
  1. Choose the correct answer.
  2. The Great Wall of China is —————————.
  3. 2,500 kms long b. 2,700 kms long
  4. 2,300 kms long d. 2,400 kms long

Answer – d. 2400 kms. long

  1. The wall is stretched along the river ——————.
  2. Lo b. Huang Ho
  3. Yellow river d. Si-Kiong

Answer – b.Huang Ho

Vocabulary

Add ‘-ion’ to the words given in column A and write them in column B. One is done for you.

VERB

 

NOUN

Calculate

Celebrate

Dictate

Participate

Vacate

Narrate

Operate

Locate

–  ion

Calculation

Celebration

Dictation

Participation

Vacation

Narration

Operation

Location

The Chinese – Our Neighbour Class 7 English

Note:  A letter or a group of letters added to the end of a word is called SUFFIX. It is used to change the class of a word; like change of Verb to Noun. Suffixes do not change the meaning of a word.

  1. Write the phrases as given in the examples using

(–ed, –en, –ing)

-ed

-en

-ing

Boil – rice

(Boiled-rice)

Earth – pots

(Earthen – pots)

Fly – kite

(Flying – kite)

Increase – price

(Increased – price)

Wood – furniture

(Wooden – furniture)

Talk – bird

(Talking – bird)

Cook – food

(Cooked – food)

Gold – ring

(Golden – ring)

Weep – child

(Weeping – child)

Colour – pictures

(Coloured – pictures)

Rot – apple

(Rotten – apple)

Love – mother

(Loving – mother)

The Chinese – Our Neighbour

Note: -ed, -en, -ing are used to frame describing words.

  1. Fill in the blanks choosing the correct word from the box.

increasing, stretch, inventions, fertile, utensils, civilization

  1. Land which produces good crops has fertile soil.
  2. Prices of all the items are increasing now-a-days.
  3. Now-a-days we are using a lot of utensils made of steel.
  4. Modern age is called the age of inventions.
  5. We are a part of the great Indus valley civilization.
  6. Stretch a fence around this field.
The Chinese – Our Neighbour Class 7 English

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