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Dancing On CLASS 8 English Lesson 18

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Dancing On CLASS 8 English Lesson 18

Alarippu, shabdam, varnam, padam – these were strange words for the audience in the packed auditorium in Washington. But as the young dancer from India, looking splendid in her traditional costume, explained each item before she began her dance, they began to understand the bhava (emotion), raga (melody) and tala (rhythm) of Bharatanatyam.

अलारिप्पु, शबदाम, वरनाम, पदम – ये वाशिंगटन में भरे हुए सभागार में दर्शकों के लिए अजीब शब्द थे। लेकिन भारत के युवा नर्तक के रूप में, अपनी पारंपरिक वेशभूषा में शानदार दिखने वाले, प्रत्येक आइटम को उसके नृत्य शुरू करने से पहले समझाते थे, वे भरतनाट्यम के भाव (भाव), राग (माधुर्य) और ताल (ताल) को समझने लगे थे।

About ten years ago, Sudha was a promising 17-yearold dancer with more than 80 performances behind her. And then one day, she was injured in a road accident about 25 kilometers from Tiruchirapalli, Tamil Nadu, where the family had gone for their annual pilgrimage. Perhaps she was not treated properly at the local hospital where she was rushed. In any case, her injuries resulted in a gangrenous infection. When she was taken to Chennai, the doctors there tried hard to stop the growth of the infection. but finally they were forced to amputate her right leg from about eight centimeters below the knee.

लगभग दस साल पहले, सुधा एक होनहार 17-युवा नायक थी, जिसके पीछे 80 से अधिक प्रदर्शन थे। और फिर एक दिन, वह तिरुचिरापल्ली, तमिलनाडु से लगभग 25 किलोमीटर दूर एक सड़क दुर्घटना में घायल हो गई, जहां परिवार अपने वार्षिक तीर्थ यात्रा के लिए गया था। शायद उसे स्थानीय अस्पताल में ठीक से इलाज नहीं किया गया था जहां उसे ले जाया गया था। किसी भी मामले में, उसकी चोटों के कारण एक गैंग्रीन संक्रमण हुआ। जब उसे चेन्नई ले जाया गया, तो वहाँ के डॉक्टरों ने संक्रमण के विकास को रोकने की भरसक कोशिश की। लेकिन अंत में वे घुटने के नीचे लगभग आठ सेंटीमीटर से उसके दाहिने पैर को दबाने के लिए मजबूर हो गए।

In the terrible months that followed, Sudha’s search began – to find a way of dancing again. “The day I met Dr. Pramod Sethi, I knew that my dream would come true,” she says. Dr. Sethi had won the Magsaysay Award for his development of the ‘Jaipur Foot’ – an artificial limb made from vulcanized rubber filled with sponge. Sudha acquired a ‘Jaipur Foot’ and began her determined journey back to the world of Bharatanatyam, learning to balance, bend, stretch, walk, twist, turn and finally, dance. Her doctors, her physiotherapist, her parents and her guru were all a part of her passionate effort. On October 27, 1982, she gave a Gurudakshina (a traditional thanks giving recital) at the residence of her guru. It was truly a miracle.

उसके बाद के भयानक महीनों में, सुधा की खोज शुरू हुई – फिर से नृत्य करने का तरीका खोजने के लिए। “जिस दिन मैं डॉ। प्रमोद सेठी से मिली, मुझे पता था कि मेरा सपना सच हो जाएगा,” वह कहती हैं। डॉ। सेठी ने ’जयपुर फुट’ के विकास के लिए मैग्सेसे पुरस्कार जीता था – स्पंज से भरे वल्केनाइज्ड रबर से बना एक कृत्रिम अंग। सुधा ने एक Foot जयपुर फुट ’का अधिग्रहण किया और भरतनाट्यम की दुनिया में अपनी निर्धारित यात्रा शुरू की, संतुलन, मोड़, खिंचाव, चलना, मोड़, अंत में, नृत्य सीखना। उनके डॉक्टर, उनके फिजियोथेरेपिस्ट, उनके माता-पिता और उनके गुरु सभी उनके भावुक प्रयास का हिस्सा थे। 27 अक्टूबर, 1982 को, उन्होंने अपने गुरु के निवास पर एक गुरुदक्षिणा (एक पारंपरिक धन्यवाद देते हुए सुनाई) दी। यह वास्तव में एक चमत्कार था।

On January 28, 1984, Sudha made a historic comeback by giving a public recital in Bombay (Mumbai). The performance was notable for its classical quality. Everyone warmly welcomed the return of the talented dancer.

28 जनवरी, 1984 को, सुधा ने बॉम्बे (मुंबई) में एक सार्वजनिक अवकाश देकर ऐतिहासिक वापसी की। प्रदर्शन इसकी शास्त्रीय गुणवत्ता के लिए उल्लेखनीय था। सभी ने प्रतिभाशाली नर्तक की वापसी का गर्मजोशी से स्वागत किया।

Her father K.D. Chandran say, “After every performance, Sudha used to ask, ‘How was it, Daddy?’ and I used to tell her that she still had to improve a lot. But on January 28, when she asked me the usual question, I didn’t say anything. I just touched her feet. It was my tribute to a great artist.”

उसके पिता के.डी. चंद्रन कहते हैं, “हर प्रदर्शन के बाद, सुधा पूछती थी, ‘कैसा था, डैडी?’ और मैं उसे बताता था कि उसे अभी भी बहुत सुधार करना है। लेकिन 28 जनवरी को, जब उसने मुझसे सामान्य सवाल पूछा, तो मैंने कुछ नहीं कहा। मैंने सिर्फ उसके पैर छुए। यह एक महान कलाकार को मेरी श्रद्धांजलि थी। “

Sudha’s amazing success story took an interesting turn when a Hyderabad film producer decided to make a Telugu film not just based on her story but with her in the main lead. Mayuri’s success encouraged him to dub the film in Tamil and Malayalam and remake it in Hindi as ‘Nache Mayuri’ – and Sudha Chandran had yet another birth, as a film star. She has since acted in some three dozen films in several languages, and has also just completed producing a Kannada film ‘Kalabhimani’ based on the true life of Balanna, a deaf artist who went on to become a great character actor. (Balanna, 74, has 400 Kannada films to his credit and is still in demand.)

सुधा की अद्भुत सफलता की कहानी ने एक दिलचस्प मोड़ ले लिया जब हैदराबाद के एक फिल्म निर्माता ने एक तेलुगु फिल्म बनाने का फैसला किया जो न केवल उसकी कहानी पर आधारित थी, बल्कि उसके साथ मुख्य भूमिका में थी। मयूरी की सफलता ने उन्हें तमिल और मलयालम में फिल्म को डब करने और हिंदी में May नाचे मयूरी ’के रूप में रीमेक करने के लिए प्रोत्साहित किया – और सुधा चंद्रन का अभी एक और जन्म था, एक फिल्म स्टार के रूप में। उसने तब से कई भाषाओं में तीन दर्जन फिल्मों में काम किया है, और एक महान कलाकार के रूप में जाने वाले एक बहरे कलाकार, बलन्ना के वास्तविक जीवन पर आधारित एक कन्नड़ फिल्म ’कलाभिमानी’ का निर्माण भी किया है। (74 वर्षीय बालन्ना की 400 कन्नड़ फिल्में उनके श्रेय के लिए हैं और अभी भी मांग में हैं।)

Sudha says, “If Helen Keller could overcome her handicap so can I, is what I have always told myself.”

सुधा कहती हैं, “अगर हेलेन केलर अपने हैंडीकैप को दूर कर सकती है, तो क्या मैं हमेशा अपने आप को बता सकती हूं।”

That, Sudha remarks, is what she replied to her Indian fans who wrote to her in the thousands after the release of her films. “People wrote to say that they were inspired by my story and that it had given them new hope. I do feel thrilled that my message has got across.”

सुधा टिप्पणी करती है, कि उसने अपने भारतीय प्रशंसकों को क्या जवाब दिया, जिन्होंने अपनी फिल्मों की रिलीज के बाद हजारों में उन्हें लिखा था। “लोगों ने यह कहने के लिए लिखा कि वे मेरी कहानी से प्रेरित थे और इसने उन्हें नई उम्मीद दी थी। मुझे रोमांचित महसूस हो रहा है कि मेरा जीवन भर का है।”

And what is that message ?

और वह संदेश क्या है?

“The seed of achievement lies in the human mind. When this realization comes there is no looking back. Once I decided that my handicap was not going to stop me from dancing, that was it.”

“उपलब्धि का बीज मानव मन में निहित है। जब यह अहसास होता है तो पीछे मुड़कर नहीं देखा जाता है। एक बार जब मैंने तय कर लिया कि मेरा बाधा मुझे नाचने से रोकने वाला नहीं है, तो वह यही था।”

Simplified from “Dancing On” by Shailaja Ganguly

Reading Comprehension

  1. Answer the following questions :-

(i) What were the strange words introduced to the audience in Washington?

Answer – Alarippu, shabdam, varnam and padam – these were the strange words introduced to the audience in Washington.

(ii) What did Sudha always do before her performances?

Answer – Always before her performances Sudha explained each item of Bharatanatyam so that the audience can understand the emotion, melody and rhythm of the dance form.

(iii) How did Sudha lose her leg?

Answer – Sudha was injured in a road accident which resulted in gangrenous infection. The doctors in Chennai tried hard but were forced to amputate her right leg and thus she lost her leg.

(iv) Why did Sudha say “My dream will come true” when she met Dr. Pramod?

Answer – Sudha said that her dream would come true when she met Dr. Pramod sethi because she was sure that after getting the Jaipur foot, an artificial limb, she would be able to return to her dream of dancing again.

(v) What was the turning point in Sudha’s life?

Answer – The turning point in Sudha’s life came when she made a historic comeback by giving a public recital in Mumbai and later got the opportunity to act in a film based on her life.

(vi) Sudha Chandran says towards the end of the lesson, “I do feel thrilled”. Identify why she feels so?

Answer – Sudha feels so because her life story inspired many people and given them new hope. She is thrilled to realise that her message has got across.

(vii) How did Sudha get the opportunity to act in films?

Answer – Sudha got the opportunity to act in films when a Hyderabad film producer decided to make a Telugu film ‘Mayuri’ based on her life and asked her to play the main lead.

  1. Write true or false against the statements:

(i) In a road accident Sudha lost her right hand [False]

(ii) She again came back with her new dance item [True]

(iii) She hasn’t worked in any film [False]

(iv) She has given performances only in foreign countries [False]

(v) People wrote that they were not inspired by her success stories [False]

  1. Choose the correct answer:

(i) While performing, Sudha wore –

(a) Modern costume

(b) Traditional costume

(c) Western costume

Answer – (b) Traditional costume

(ii) She worked for the film .

(a) Nache Mayuri

(b) Arunima

(c) Gajagamini

Answer – (a) Nache Mayuri

(iii) Before Sudha was 17 years of age, she had given performances.

(a) more than 70

(b) less than 80

(c) more than 80

Answer – (c) more than 80

(iv) Sudha made a historic comeback on .

(a) 15 October 1983

(b) 1 January 1982

(c) 28 January 1984

Answer – (c) 28 January 1984

(v) Sudha Chandran was inspired by .

(a) Helen Keller

(b) Elena John

(c) Valentina Tereskova

Answer – (a) Helen Keller

  1. Arrange the given sentences in a series as they appear in the lesson:

(a) Sudha’s right leg was amputated after a road accident.

(b) Sudha explains each item to the audience before she begins her dance.

(c) Sudha acquires a Jaipur foot and makes her comeback.

(d) Sudha gives her first comeback recital in Mumbai.

(e) Sudha receives a note of congratulations from a young girl after her performance in Washington.

(f) Sudha acts in ‘Nache Mayuri’, a film based on her own life.

(g) Sudha’s father touched her feet as a token of respect.

Answer –

  1. (b) Sudha explains each item to the audience before she begins her dance.
  2. (e) Sudha receives a note of congratulations from a young girl after her performance in Washington.
  3. (a) Sudha’s right leg was amputated after a road accident.
  4. (c) Sudha acquires a Jaipur foot and makes her comeback.
  5. (d) Sudha gives her first comeback recital in Mumbai.
  6. (g) Sudha’s father touched her feet as a token of respect.
  7. (f) Sudha acts in ‘Nache Mayuri’, a film based on her own life.

Vocabulary

A. Make a word list related to the given word:

B. Fill in the blanks with the words given in the box:

defeats, amputate, historical, miracle, costume

(i) Rashmi wore a new costume for the party.(ii) Rahim was injured and the doctors were forced to amputate his right hand.(iii) I visited many historical places in India.(iv) The Indian team defeats the South African team in the hockey match.(v) It is only a miracle that Seema once again is able to see this beautiful world.
C. Complete a puzzle one is done for you:
Across:

(1) one who performs a dance on the stage [6 letters]

(2) an act that doesnot follow the laws of nature. (7 letters)

(3) completed successfully. (11 letters)

(4) To cut off a part of the body (8 letters)

Down: 

(5) people who come to see a performance (8 letters)

(6) showing respect (7 letters)

(7) surprizing (7 letters)

D. Make a correct match:

ABRight Answer
1Modifiedto make simpleto improve
2Clarifiedto correctto free from impurities to make clear
3Simplifiedto free from impurities to make clearto make simple
4Rectifiedto make pureto correct
5Certifiedto improveto attest formally
6Purifiedto attest formallyto make pure

Grammar

Raju is new in the village. He met a boy in the village street. He asked the following questions:Read carefully the following questions and tell the class what

Example:

Raju said to the boy, “what is your name?”

Raju asked the boy what his name was.

Note:• Direct speech is in interrogative form.• Direct speech begins with interrogative pronouns.• Interrogative pronoun is used to join the direct and indirect speech.• Interrogative sentence is changed into simple statement.• Present form of the verb is changed into the past form of the sentence.

Direct Speech –  Raju said to the boy, “Where do you live?”

Indirect Speech – Raju asked the boy where he lived.

Direct Speech –  Raju said to the boy, “Which class do you study?”

Indirect Speech – Raju asked the boy which class he studied.

Direct Speech –  Raju said to the boy, “Where is your school?”

Indirect Speech – Raju asked the boy where his school was.

Direct Speech –  Raju said to the boy, “How do you go to school?”

Indirect Speech – Raju asked the boy how did he go to school.