पोस्ट में पूछे जाने वाले सवालों का उत्तर और पाठ या अध्याय को पढ़ने या वीडियो देखने के बाद आपने जो भी सीखा ? उसे आप हमें COMMENT BOX में लिख कर भेज सकते हैं ताकि अन्य विद्यार्थी भी लाभान्वित हो सके.

Children Ask Kalam CLASS 8 English Lesson 12

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Children Ask Kalam CLASS 8 English Lesson 12

President Dr. Shri A.P.J. Abdul Kalam spends hours every week connected with children across the nation, thinking about their future and thinking through their issues. Here are Dr. Kalam’s answers to the questions that some children have asked him.

Dhanraj, Std. VIII, City: Kasargod.

राष्ट्रपति डॉ। श्री ए.पी.जे. अब्दुल कलाम राष्ट्र भर के बच्चों से जुड़े हर हफ्ते घंटों बिताते हैं, अपने भविष्य के बारे में सोचते हैं और अपने मुद्दों के बारे में सोचते हैं। यहां डॉ। कलाम के सवालों के जवाब हैं जो कुछ बच्चों ने उनसे पूछे हैं।

Question: What is your full name and who was your best friend in school ?
Kalam: My full name is Avul Pakir Jainulabdeen Abdul Kalam. During my school days Pakshi Ramanatha Sastry was my best friend.

Joshi Bhoomi, Std XI, Institution Kotak Kanya Vinay Mandir, City: Rajkot

सवाल: आपका पूरा नाम क्या है और स्कूल में आपका सबसे अच्छा दोस्त कौन था?
कलाम: मेरा पूरा नाम अवुल पकिर जैनुलाब्दीन अब्दुल कलाम है। मेरे स्कूल के दिनों में पाक्षी रामनाथ शास्त्री मेरे सबसे अच्छे दोस्त थे।

Question: How far is the ‘favour of fortune’ necessary?
Kalam: Hard work comes first. Fortune will favour you if you are persistent in hard work. There is a famous saying. “God helps those who help themselves.”There is another saying, that it takes many years of hard work to make an overnight success.
Devesh Ranjan, Institution NIC, City: New Delhi

प्रश्न: ‘भाग्य का पक्ष’ कितना आवश्यक है?
कलाम: मेहनत सबसे पहले आती है। अगर आप कड़ी मेहनत में लगातार बने रहेंगे तो भाग्य आपका साथ देगा। एक प्रसिद्ध कहावत है। “ईश्वर उन लोगों की मदद करता है जो खुद की मदद करते हैं।” एक और कहावत है, कि रात भर की सफलता के लिए कई सालों की मेहनत लगती है।

Question: Please tell me, who would have been the first scientist in the world ?
Kalam: Science was born and survives only by questions. The whole foundation of science is questioning. And as parents and teachers know well, children are the source of unending questions, Hence, child is the first scientist.
B. Ishita, Std. VI, Institution St Bedes School, City: Chennai

प्रश्न: कृपया मुझे बताएं, दुनिया में पहला वैज्ञानिक कौन होगा?
कलाम: विज्ञान का जन्म और सवालों से ही हुआ। विज्ञान की पूरी नींव पर सवाल उठ रहे हैं। और जैसा कि माता-पिता और शिक्षक अच्छी तरह से जानते हैं, बच्चे अनसुलझे सवालों का स्रोत हैं, इसलिए, बच्चा पहला वैज्ञानिक है।

Question: What is the secret behind remembering various formulas of science & maths.
Kalam: By constant application one can remember various formulas of science and maths.
Umang Dave, Std. IX, Institution Silken Academy, City: Mumbai

प्रश्न: विज्ञान और गणित के विभिन्न सूत्रों को याद करने के पीछे क्या रहस्य है।
कलाम: निरंतर एप्लिकेशन द्वारा विज्ञान और गणित के विभिन्न सूत्रों को याद किया जा सकता है।

Question: Which has been the happiest day of your life ?
Kalam: I was once working with doctors to get light weight Floor Reaction Orthosis (FROs) for polio affected persons. After taking the measurement, when thechildren were fitted with it, weighing 1/10th of the original weight which they were carrying, the children started running. walking and pedalling cycles. Their mobility brought tears of joy in the eyes of their parents. The sight of happiness on their faces was bliss to me.
R. Arovindh, Std. III, Institution St. Bedes School, City: Chennai

प्रश्न: आपके जीवन का सबसे सुखद दिन कौन सा रहा है?
कलाम: मैं एक बार पोलियो प्रभावित व्यक्तियों के लिए हल्के वजन के फर्श रिएक्शन ऑर्थोसिस (एफआरओ) प्राप्त करने के लिए डॉक्टरों के साथ काम कर रहा था। माप लेने के बाद, जब बच्चों को इसके साथ फिट किया गया था, तो मूल वजन का 1/10 वां वजन जो वे ले जा रहे थे, बच्चे दौड़ने लगे। पैदल चलना और साइकिल चलाना। उनकी गतिशीलता ने उनके माता-पिता की आंखों में खुशी के आंसू ला दिए। उनके चेहरों पर खुशी का नजारा मुझे आनंदित कर रहा था।

Question: Can you tell us any unforgettable incident from your childhood ?
Kalam: I am reminded of my class V teacher, Shri Sivasubramania Iyer. He taught us in his lectures how birds fly. He showed us real life examples at the seashore of Rameswaram. It is an unforgettable occassion which etched in my memory forever. It helped me to take up the study of science.
Abhilash Verma, Std. VIII, Institution Police Modern School, City: Etawah

प्रश्न: क्या आप हमें बचपन से कोई अविस्मरणीय घटना बता सकते हैं?
कलाम: मुझे अपनी कक्षा V के शिक्षक श्री शिवसुब्रमण्य अय्यर की याद दिलाई जाती है। उन्होंने अपने व्याख्यान में हमें सिखाया कि पक्षी कैसे उड़ते हैं। उन्होंने हमें रामेश्वरम के समुद्री तट पर वास्तविक जीवन के उदाहरण दिखाए। यह एक अविस्मरणीय घटना है जो मेरी याद में हमेशा के लिए खोदी गई है। इसने मुझे विज्ञान का अध्ययन करने में मदद की।

Question: You are an ideal man. Please give us your suggestions to become good human beings.
Kalam: Hard work and scientific temper combined with spirituality will make you a good human being. Try to find good things in others.
Harsh Chandak, Std. VII, Dr. S. Radha Krishnan Vidyalaya, City: Malad, Mumbai.

प्रश्न: आप एक आदर्श पुरुष हैं। कृपया हमें अच्छे इंसान बनने के लिए अपने सुझाव दें।
कलाम: आध्यात्मिकता के साथ संयुक्त कड़ी मेहनत और वैज्ञानिक स्वभाव आपको एक अच्छा इंसान बना देगा। दूसरों में अच्छी चीजों को खोजने की कोशिश करें।

Question: You give away bravery awards every year. What is your definiton of courage ?
Kalam: Saving others from disaster without minding about your own safety is courage.
Master Rahul Mehta, Std. VIII, City: Ahmedabad
Tejas Sawant, Std. IX, City: Bombay.

प्रश्न: आप हर साल बहादुरी पुरस्कार देते हैं। आपकी हिम्मत की परिभाषा क्या है?
कलाम: दूसरों को अपनी सुरक्षा के बारे में सोचने के बिना आपदा से बचाना साहस है।

Question: What is your message to the citizens of India?
Kalam: My message to the youth is given in the 10 point Oath, which I normally administer, and is as follows –

प्रश्न: भारत के नागरिकों के लिए आपका क्या संदेश है?
कलाम: युवाओं को मेरा संदेश 10 बिंदु शपथ में दिया गया है, जिसे मैं सामान्य रूप से प्रशासित करता हूं, और इस प्रकार है –

  • I will pursue my education or the work with dedication and I will excel in it.
  • From now onwards, I will teach at least 10 persons to read and write,
    those who cannot read and write.
  • I will plant at least 10 saplings and shall ensure their growth through constant care.
  • I will visit rural and urban areas and permanently wean away at least five persons from addiction and gambling.
  • I will constantly endeavour to remove the pain of my suffering brethren.
  • I will not support any religious, caste and language differentiation.
  • I will be honest and endeavour to make a corruption free society.
  • I will work for becoming an enlightened citizen and make my family righteous.
  • I will always be a friend of the mentally and physically challenged and will work hard to make them feel normal, like the rest of us.
  • I will proudly celebrate the success of my country and my people.
  • मैं अपनी शिक्षा या काम को समर्पण के साथ आगे बढ़ाऊंगा और इसमें उत्कृष्टता हासिल करूंगा।
  • अब से, मैं कम से कम 10 व्यक्तियों को पढ़ना और लिखना सिखाऊंगा,
    जो पढ़ और लिख नहीं सकते।
  • मैं कम से कम 10 पौधे लगाऊंगा और निरंतर देखभाल के माध्यम से उनकी वृद्धि सुनिश्चित करूंगा।
  • मैं ग्रामीण और शहरी क्षेत्रों का दौरा करूंगा और कम से कम पांच व्यक्तियों को नशे और जुए से दूर कर दूंगा।
  • मैं अपने पीड़ित भाइयों के दर्द को दूर करने का निरंतर प्रयास करूंगा।
  • मैं किसी भी धार्मिक, जाति और भाषा के भेदभाव का समर्थन नहीं करूंगा।
  • मैं ईमानदार रहूंगा और भ्रष्टाचार मुक्त समाज बनाने का प्रयास करूंगा।
  • मैं एक प्रबुद्ध नागरिक बनने के लिए काम करूँगा और अपने परिवार को धर्मी बनाऊँगा।
  • मैं हमेशा मानसिक और शारीरिक रूप से अक्षम लोगों का दोस्त बनूंगा और बाकी लोगों की तरह उन्हें सामान्य महसूस कराने के लिए कड़ी मेहनत करूंगा।
  • मैं गर्व से अपने देश और अपने लोगों की सफलता का जश्न मनाऊंगा।


Reading Comprehension

  1. Answer the following questions:
  2. What suggestion does President Kalam give to children for remembering formulas of science?

Answer – For remembering the formulas of science, President Kalam suggests the children that by constant application one can remember them.

  1. Describe Kalam’s happiest day.

Answer – Once, Kalam was working with doctors to get light weight FROs for polio affected persons. When they were fitted the children started running, walking and pedalling cycles. Their mobility brought tears of joy in the eyes of their parents. That was Kalam’s happiest day.

  1. Why does the President remember his class teacher so much?

Answer – President remembers his class teacher so much because he taught them by showing real life examples like how birds fly at the seashore of Rameswaram. His way of teaching encouraged him to take up the study of science and thus he became a scientist.

  1. What is ‘courage’ according to Dr. Kalam?

Answer – According to Dr. Kamam, “Saving others from disaster without minding about your own safety is courage.”

  1. Which point do you like the most in the 10 point oath? Why?

Answer – I liked the seventh point – “I will be honest and endeavour to make a corruption free society”. I like this the most because if it would happen the country would develop at rapid speed and all its people would live in peace and happiness.

  1. Look at the lesson and complete the sentences:
  2. Kalam’s full name isAvul Pakir Jainulabdeen Abdul Kalam.
  3. His best friend in school wasPakshi Ramanatha Sastry.
  4. His favourite teacher wasShri Sivasubramania Iyer.
  5. FRO’s helpPolio affectedpersons.
  6. Courage according to Kalam is “saving others from disaster without minding about your own safety”.

Vocabulary

  1. Match the following. Clues are given to help you to complete the proverb.

A

B

Correct Match

1. Tiny drops make

(search for water)

make more noise.

a mightly ocean.

2. A stich in time

(search for number)

mightier than the sword.

saves nine.

3. An apple a day

(search for a profession)

do not bite

keeps the doctor away.

4. Empty vessels

(search for noise)

a mighty ocean.

make more noise.

5. The pen is

(search for weapon)

saves nine.

mightier than the sword.

6. Failure is the

(search for achievement)

keeps the doctor away.

stepping stone to  success.

7. Barking dogs

(search for what dogs do!)

is the best policy.

do not bite.

8. Make hay

(search for planet)

stepping stone to success.

while the sun shines.

9. Honesty

(end with ‘ey’)

while the sun shines.

is the best policy.

10. A friend in need

(rhymes with ‘friend’)

is a friend indeed.

is a friend indeed.

  1. Make sentences using the proverbs given to you in exercise A:

Example: Shyam falls sick frequently. After taking him to the

doctor, his mother encouraged him to have an apple by using the

proverb, “An apple a day, keeps the doctor away”.

Tiny drops make a mighty ocean.

Sentence – The farmer always worked hard and saved money. Now he is a rich man. This proves that tiny drops make a mighty ocean.

A stitch in time saves nine.

Sentence – The students should prepare for the examination throughout the year. As they say a stitch in time saves nine, else they will not succeed.

An empty vessel makes more noise

Sentence – The half-wit persons always interfere because an empty vessel makes more noise.

The pen is mightier than the sword –

Sentence – The journalist’s articles have exposed the minister’s illegal activities. It is true that the pen is mightier than the sword.

Failure is the stepping stone to success –

Sentence – Ravi has failed in the competition. He worked harder with dedication and won gold medal next year. Its true for some failure is the stepping stone to success.

Barking dogs do not bite –

Sentence – Those who threaten you so much, hardly do any real harm. As the saying goes – barking does do not bite.

Honesty is the best policy –

Sentence – Ramesh has won the highest position in his office as a reward for his honesty. Really honesty is the best policy.

A friend in need is a friend indeed –

Sentence – In Ravi’s worst time, only Raj stood by him. It is truly said that a friend in need is a friend indeed.

  1. Select the appropriate word to complete the sentence:

(1) Abdul Kalam is an inspiration to young people. (achievement/inspiration)

(2) Teachers play an important part in shaping children’s interest in subjects. (forcing/shaping)

(3) The Defence Research and Development Organisation employs a lot of

scientists. (employs/arrests)

(4) Kalam believes that children will help build a strong nation.

(citizens/build)

(5) It is important for children to develop their personalities. (personalities/brains)

Grammar

Choose the answer from the box given below and answer as

given in the example (Work in pairs):

Ask your partner:

“What will you do for the society when you grow up?”

I will take care of old people

take care of old people.

look after small children.

help the needy.

try to establish peace.

work for education of girls .

try to uplift the poor.

encourage people to keep this environment clean.

work for removing superstitions

work for removing bad traditions

try to stop child marriages.

raise awareness to save water

encourage people to plant more trees

Answer-

I will take care of old people.

I will look after small children.

I will help the needy.

I will try to establish peace.

I will work for education of girls .

I will try to uplift the poor.

I will encourage people to keep this environment clean.

I will work for removing superstitions

I will work for removing bad traditions

I will try to stop child marriages.

I will raise awareness to save water

I will encourage people to plant more trees

CLASS 8 English Lesson 12 Children Ask Kalam

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